Thrombosis is a disease of the blood vessels caused by the slowdown of blood clots (thrombus) which may partially or completely clog the blood vessel.
This disease usually affects the legs and the pelvis, and rarely the hands. Although it usually occurs in the elderly, the thrombosis can occur at any age.
If it affects the surface veins, it is superficial thrombosis (superficial thrombophlebitis), an acute local inflammation of the vein wall and the surrounding connective tissue, which is accompanied by the creation of blood clots in the superficial veins.
When the blood clots are formed in the deep veins, we talk about deep vein thrombosis, whose most frequent complications are pulmonary embolism – inflammation of the pulmonary artery or its smaller branches and post-thrombotic syndrome (chronic venous insufficiency) caused by damage to the valves of the deep veins.
The symptoms of superficial thrombosis are varicose veins, redness, pain and a feeling of heat in the legs. They usually last for one to two weeks and then the acute process calms down.
The deep vein thrombosis can exist without symptoms and is reflected on different degrees of susceptibility. In that case, the most common symptoms are: swelling of the legs, pain, heaviness, tension and heat, swelling of the superficial veins, redness and other discoloration of the skin on the affected part of the legs.
Some of the factors that contribute to the occurrence of venous thrombosis are a genetic predisposition, damage to the inside of the vessel wall, a disorder of the blood-clotting, prolonged sitting or standing, inflammation and infection, malignancy, surgery, oral contraception, obesity, smoking …
The pregnant women are also exposed to increased risk of vascular diseases because in pregnancy the pressure of the uterus on the varicose veins slows down the blood flow.
Despite the therapy prescribed by the doctor, it is known that some herbs can also help in the treatment and prevention of venous thrombosis and other vascular diseases.
1. Cayenne pepper
The red hot pepper powder is one of the best natural blood thinners. The active ingredient of this herb, the capsaicin, lowers the cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood, prevents the accumulation of thrombi and helps in the dissolution of the fibrin, a key material for creating blood clots.
This spice also has analgesic effects, so to relieve pain it is recommended to apply the powder directly on the affected parts of the body.
This herb has a beneficial effect on the blood circulation, so it is often used to treat varicose veins, sprains, bruises.
It contains the flavonoid called diosmin, which reduces the sensitivity of the blood vessels and thus improves the blood flow to them. It is also rich in vitamin B6 (pyridoxine), necessary in the production of the hemoglobin, protein – carrier of oxygen from the lungs to the other parts of the body.
3. Butcher’s broom
The butcher’s broom is used in the treatment of the so-called spider veins, varicose veins, chronic venous insufficiency and other disorders of blood circulation in the lower extremities.
It has high anti-inflammatory properties that mitigate the swelling of the legs caused by thrombosis of the veins.
The butcher’s broom contains sterols, fatty acids and the flavonoids sparteine and ruscogenin, active ingredients that improve the condition of the blood vessels, improve the blood flow to the legs, thus preventing the risk of occurrence of deep vein thrombosis and subsequent pulmonary embolism.
4. Horse chestnut extract
The extract of horse chestnut is considered as a promising natural remedy for chronic venous insufficiency, it has anti-inflammatory effects, improves the blood circulation through the veins, normalizes the venous tone, reduces the failure of capillaries and relieves the swelling of the legs.
Usually, it is used in the form of supplement, and it is even considered as an efficient alternative compression stocking for the veins.
Note: It is important to use it correctly to avoid unwanted side effects and potential toxicity.
5. Hairy Trigonella
The hairy trigonella has been used for its healing purposes for thousands of years. It contains coumarin, a chemical compound that during the fermentation of the herb produces the powerful coagulant dicumarol.
For medicinal uses, it is used as a tea, tincture, ointment, balm, for bathing and sometimes it is prescribed with the regular therapy against the creation of blood clots in the veins because it relieves the pain and swelling and eliminates the feeling of heaviness in the legs.
Note: The products prepared with hairy Trigonella are not recommended for pregnant women, nursing mothers and people who take medications to thin the blood.
6. Ginkgo biloba
The active ingredients of ginkgo biloba, flavonoids, and terpenes, expand the blood vessels and improve their tone, stimulate the blood flow and protect the heart muscle and nerves.
That is why the extract of this herb is used to treat many disorders and diseases related to poor circulation such as venous thrombosis, heart diseases, effects of a stroke, Alzheimer’s disease and even cancer.
The Hawthorn contains quercetin and oligomeric proanthocyanidin (OPC), which protect the blood vessels of the whole organism from inflammation and loss of elasticity.
Because of the powerful antioxidant properties, the products prepared with it are effective for preventing and treating many diseases caused by poor circulation, because they contribute to the spreading of blood vessels, improve the blood flow and prevent the creation of blood clots.
8. Extract of pine bark
It is obtained by extracting the extract from the bark of certain types of European pine and contains oligomeric proanthocyanidin, antioxidant compounds that bind to the collagen in the blood vessels, making them stronger and more elastic.
Besides to the fact that it improves the blood circulation, the extract from the pine bark has anti-inflammatory effects, it relieves the swelling, the feeling of heaviness in the legs and other symptoms of the vascular diseases.
The results of recent studies also show that this product reduces the symptoms caused by the appearance of varicose veins during pregnancy.
Due to its antioxidant, antibacterial, antifungal and antiseptic effects, this spice is an effective cure for many diseases.
The ginger has a significant role in the treatment of deep vein thrombosis because it prevents the formation of the blood clots and improves the blood circulation in the arteries and veins, so it is excellent for people who suffer from this disease.
For the purpose of treatment, it is used the root (fresh or dried), powder, various tinctures, oils, teas, coatings and for bathing.
Not only it lowers the blood pressure and cholesterol levels, but the garlic is also considered as the best natural blood thinner.
When it is cooked with sour vegetables, especially tomatoes, it releases ahoin, an anticoagulant ingredient that blocks the formation of thrombi.
Studies have shown that it is enough to eat one or two cloves of fresh garlic a day to achieve a good effect on the process of blood clotting.
Bonus: Best Herbal Remedies for Thrombosis
Take two teaspoons of dried leaves of rosemary, pour a cup of boiling water and then strain it.
You should drink one cup of the freshly prepared tea in the morning and the evening, and if you want to, you can sweeten it with honey.
Take two teaspoons of crushed dry ginger root (or one teaspoon of fresh ginger root), pour a cup of boiling water and let it cool off. You should take this freshly prepared drink two times a day.
Horse chestnut tea
Take a teaspoon of dried flowers, pour 2.5 dl of boiling water and leave it covered for 10-15 minutes. Strain it and drink it twice a day after meals.
Horse chestnut extract
Take 12 to 15 freshly harvested and finely crushed fruits of horse chestnut, along with the crust and pour 2.5 dl of boiled cognac.
When it cools off, strain it, filter it and use the extract to massage the affected leg.
Note: This is only for external use.
Take 200 g of cleaned garlic and crush it in a wooden mortar, then put it in a dark glass bowl and pour a liter of 60% alcohol. Close it tightly and keep it in a dark and cold place (not in the refrigerator). After 10 days sieve the mixture, then strain it through multilayer gauze. Keep it under the same conditions for three more days. Take 5 to 25 drops of the tincture three times a day, half an hour before meals.