You have sunburns – this means that in your outer layers of the skin there is inflammation due to the excessive exposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays. Most of these burns are of first degree. Usually, the pain reaches its maximum four hours after the exposure to the sun, and it lasts for two or three days. After five to seven days, the burned skin begins to peel. The re-exposure of the burns to sunlight causes faster aging of the skin and increases the risk of skin cancer. The most sensitive people to sunlight exposure are those with lighter complexions and those who are under the influence of some drugs like some antibiotics, diuretics, tranquilizers, antidiabetics and contraceptive pills.
Nutritionists advise to take more vitamin E, beta carotene (carrots, young sweet potatoes) and vitamin C in order to be more resistant. Drink more water during the warm days. If in spite of the sunscreen and the fact that you were constantly in the shade, your skin becomes red and you feel pain in certain parts of the body then, you should keep on reading.
Doctors classify burns by degrees. The first-degree burns affect the outer layer of the skin. They cause pain and redness, but no blisters. The first-degree burns are the most common and they can be treated at home.
The second-degree burns involve the epidermis and dermis, the lower layers of the skin. The burns are very painful, but they are usually not serious unless they are large. Some second-degree burns can be treated at home however, if the burn is large or involves the face, hands, feet or genitals, you should consult a doctor.
The most serious of all are the third-degree burns which require immediate medical attention. They include the outer and inner layers of the skin. The hair, nerves, blood vessels, glands, and even the muscles and bones may be damaged. The third-degree burns often result in death, especially if they cover large areas of the body.
For sunburn, it is best to use everything that is good for the other burns as well – cooling of the skin and taking painkillers in severe cases.
If you are on holiday and the sun surprises you with painful burns on the skin, do not worry because the solution lies in your kitchen. If you forgot to take cream for sunburns on your summer holiday, the water, yogurt, honey, strawberries, potatoes, etc. can help you to relieve the redness.
The cold water or a cold coating to the burned area for ten minutes can alleviate the symptoms. Do this as soon as possible, preferably within a few seconds from the injury. The fresh water will not only help you, but it will also help to stop the spreading of the burns.
It is best to treat the small burns with ice rather than with cold water. First wash the ice cubes with water so they do not stick to the skin, then cool the burned area.
Aloe vera is one of the best medicines for sunburn, it is found in most of the gels intended for the treatment of these burns. This plant is an antioxidant and prevents the burning of the skin and therefore, it is used in these situations.
The aloe vera is commonly used in the treatment of many diseases. The reason is its healing liquid which contains a lot of vitamins and minerals. A, C, E, B1, B2, B3, B6, B12 vitamins, as well as minerals such as calcium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, iron, chromium, copper, zinc and selenium which contribute to its efficiency.
When you clear the affected area of the skin with cold water, apply fresh aloe vera on that place. It is highly recommended for first-degree burns. However, people who have heart problems should avoid this remedy against burns.
For burns on your skin, the perfect remedy will be the aloe vera gel that you can prepare like this:
Mix 12 parts of aloe vera gel with one teaspoon of apple cider vinegar and half a teaspoon of lavender oil. Add two capsules of vitamin E and apply the mixture on the skin. The gel will successfully eliminate the pain, and the skin regeneration will be accelerated. The efficiency of the aloe vera is confirmed by the following information – its use in the treatment of burns is six times more effective than the use of medicines.
It is the probably the most powerful domestic asset against burns because it relieves pain, helps the wounds heal faster, prevents the formation of blisters. Apply the egg white on the affected area and the pain will quickly disappear, and you will not feel pain until the egg white on the skin is moist. Therefore, you should always apply egg white on the burns.
This method is part of the training of the firefighters: when it comes to burns, regardless of their size, the first aid is to put the affected areas under cold water until the temperature decreases and the burning of the skin layers stops. Then apply egg white on the burns!
Apple Cider Vinegar
The vinegar, especially the apple cider, is a well known home remedy for burns. Does it really help? Experts say that it is quite possible that the vinegar helps, because it has antiseptic, healing effect and cools off the skin.
The natural apple cider vinegar helps to re-establish the natural pH factor of the skin, it soothes inflammation and prevents the formation of blisters. If you have a bath in warm water with three cups of apple cider vinegar, it will help you. After the bath, do not wipe yourselves but let the skin to dry itself.
You can also soak clean piece of cloth in diluted vinegar and put it on the burns. The pain will quickly disappear, but if you still feel it, you should put a new piece of cloth soaked in vinegar. Continue to do this until the pain is completely gone.
This plant is full of anti-inflammatory properties, so it is good for the treatment of burns. Thanks to the carotenoids, flavonoids, saponins, essential oils, it recovers the skin and stimulates its epithelialization. Preparation of the coating: pour one liter of boiling water over two handfuls of marigold flowers. Let the tea cool off, strain it and soak gauze in it.
The effect of the olive oil on the skin has been proven a long time ago, it must be part of you therapy since it is proven to be effective in the treatment of sunburns. The high percentage of unsaturated fats and vitamins A and E in the olive oil regenerates and stimulates the regeneration of the skin in a completely natural way.
The lavender oil reduces the possibility of scars and blisters on the burnt area. It also has powerful ingredients for pain relief. First, wash and clean the burn with cold water, then dry the painful area with a soft cloth and apply the lavender oil directly on it. You can also use it as follows: Soak a clean cloth in the oil and put it on the burn. After an hour remove the cloth and replace it with another one, also soaked in the oil. Repeat the process at least 3-4 times.
St. John’s Wort
St. John’s wort is used for the treatment of many diseases, burns as well. St. John’s wort tea and oil are a good therapy. Take 3 tablespoons of St. John’s wort, pour 200 g of vegetable oil, let it sit for 2-3 weeks in a sealed glass container, shake it occasionally and then strain the resulting extract through gauze.
Do not forget the chamomile
The plant, which is one of the most commonly used natural remedies, the chamomile is recommended in the treatment of burns. If you want to help your skin in the right way, coatings with chamomile tea will be the right choice (add 1 tablespoon of chamomile in a cup of boiling water, let it sit for 30 minutes). You can add the tincture of tea to any greasy or vitamin cream (pour one glass of water over 1 tablespoon of dried chamomile flowers, boil it for 5 minutes, let it sit for about an hour).
Yoghurt and Sour Milk
It has been known since ancient times that the yogurt and sour milk reduce the sunburn, they cool off, sooth and moisturize the skin and restore its natural pH as well. Apply the yogurt to the burns and keep it for 15 minutes. When it becomes dry, wash it with warm water.
The honey has been used as a remedy for disinfection of wounds and burns for a long time. When it is applied on burns, the honey extracts the fluid from the tissue and effectively cleans the wound. You can also put the honey in gauze, which is less sticky than the direct application. Put honey on a piece of sterile gauze and place it directly on the burns. You should do this three to four times a day.
The calming effect of the coatings with cucumbers
After several hours of exposure to the sun that led to the side effects on the skin, you should use cucumber, which soothes the skin and heals the sunburn. Slice the cucumber and put the slices on the affected skin. Rich in vitamins A, B and C and known for the fact that it suits almost every type of skin, it will quickly alleviate the inflammation and help with the necessary hydration.
Soak two pieces of clean cloth in cold milk. Take one out and put it on the affected area, keep it for 15 minutes, then remove that piece of cloth and put it back in the milk. Take the other piece that was in the milk and put it on the wound. Also remove it after 15 minutes. You should repeat this for an hour. The milk is considered as very effective domestic remedy against burns.
The burns can be alleviated by washing them with salt water on every hour. Mix 1/2 teaspoon of sea salt in a glass of warm water.
Green or Black Tea
The black and green teas contain tannin, which has a beneficial effect on the burnt area and helps to speed up the healing of the skin. Soak teabags of black or green tea in warm water and gently put them on the affected area.
It is not a good idea if you are trying to lose weight, but keep it close to you as a protection against burns, because the starch contained in it will help you. Slice a raw potato and rub it on the skin. You can also grate it and use it as a coating for the damaged skin.
This vegetable is rich in starch that has the ability to extract heat from the skin and calm the pain because it acts as a natural painkiller.
Cut the tomato in slices. Rub the tomato on the burns. The acids in the tomato will soothe the burning and prevent the blisters.
Because of the lycopene in them, the tomatoes protect the skin from sun damage. According to one study, people who ate five tablespoons of tomato lycopene a day gained 25 percent more natural protection against sunburn, for three months.
If you have burns on the face, mix two tablespoons of tomato juice with four tablespoons of full-fat milk. Apply the mixture on your face and wash it after half an hour. You can cool down the burns if you rub them with pieces of chilled cucumber, which also hydrates the skin. The potato will help you in the similar way as the cucumber.
It is especially popular among the professional chefs, who very often get burns while they prepare the meals. Just squeeze the juice from half an onion and apply it on the burns. For better results, it is recommended to use chopped onion and immediately put it on the sore spot, because when it is left on the air, it loses some of its healing properties.
If your whole body has burned on the sun, the oatmeal will be the best kind of relief.
Grind a cup of oatmeal in a blender and add it in the bath you have prepared. You can put it in gauze, pour cold water and use it as a coating on every two to four hours.
Make a mixture of equal amounts of baking soda and water. For example, mix 1 tablespoon of baking soda and 1 tablespoon cold water. Put in a plastic bowl and stir it. Apply it gently to the minor burns and keep it for about 10 minutes. Wash it with cold water and cover the wound with gauze or a bandage.
If you really went too far with the sunbathing, and became as red as a cancer, you should pour half a cup of baking soda in almost cold water bath and stay in the bath for 10 minutes.
It is excellent because it will make the pain of the burning go away. However, you should never put any kind of oil, grease or products with a high percentage of fat to the burns. They block the heat inside, and literally fry the skin.
As soon as you notice sunburns, take an aspirin. This medicine will relieve the pain and reduce the redness and inflammation of the burned skin.
If the person with sunburns is confused, disoriented or has big blisters on the skin (bigger than 1.5 cm in diameter) they should see a doctor.
Recipe for domestic tanning oil
It is summer and the season of sunbathing and swimming is here, which means that it is time to write something about the oil that will have good effects to your skin and protect it from the sun.
For the preparation of this oil you need:
– 2.5 dl of olive oil
– 1 carrot
– 5-6 green walnuts
– Marigold flowers, if you have any
Put 2,5 dl of olive oil (preferably homemade) in a jar and add the grated carrots and chopped green nuts, and if you have any, add a couple of marigold flowers.
Close the jar and leave it in a sunny place for 30 days with occasionally shaking the jar.
Use: Do not use the oil in the first two days of the sunbathing, wait to get a little color, because the olive oil attracts the sun and you can get burns.