Hypotension is the lowering of the systemic blood pressure to the extent that it reduces the blood flow to the vital organs.
But, the low blood pressure is not always pathological, because there are people who naturally have low blood pressure. The body has already adapted to it, so often it does not cause any symptoms.
The problems resulting from low blood pressure affect women more often than men, and usually, they are more intense in the spring.
Due to the abrupt rise in the temperature and because of the diet in that period, the symptoms of low blood pressure are more common.
Women who have low blood pressure should not practice strict diets at this time.
Usually, the low blood pressure is less harmful than the high blood pressure. But, in combination with some other symptoms it can be a sign of some other diseases.
The low blood pressure becomes a pathological condition when the systemic blood pressure is too low and reduces the blood flow to the vital organs, such as the heart and the brain.
We talk about hypotension as a pathological condition when the person has low blood pressure in several measurements, less than 110/65 mm Hg in men and less than 100/60 mm Hg in women.
If they cannot find the reasons for the persistent low blood pressure, it is called primary, idiopathic or constitutional hypotension.
The frequency is 0.3-4%. The hypotension may be a result of various health disorders and taking some medicines, and then we talk about the secondary hypotension.
Despite many researchers, they still cannot find all the causes of low blood pressure. It is believed that the genetics have the biggest role, and the malnutrition can also be the cause of this.
The most common causes of low blood pressure are reduced cardiac output as a result of bleeding, dehydration, intense sweating or lower heart rate, decreased peripheral resistance, diseases of the adrenal gland, diabetes, allergic reactions, neurological disorders and diseases of the spine.
Also, it can be a side effect of some medicines or addiction to alcohol and nicotine.
Symptoms appear in larger and / or a sudden drop in the blood pressure and usually disappear with the treatment of the underlying cause of hypotension.
The most common symptoms of hypotension are dizziness, fatigue, palpitations, fainting, sweating, visual disturbances, drowsiness …
6. Orthostatic Hypotension
In the case of orthostatic hypotension, it is typical to experience lowering of the blood pressure with a sudden change of the position of the body, for example when you stand up after lying down, and dizziness may go with it.
Due to the reduction in the blood flow to the brain, the symptoms that usually appear are dizziness, loss of consciousness, weakness, poor coordination, visual disturbances, problems with the speech, as weel as paleness and cold sweat.
7. Postprandial Hypotension
It occurs in certain individuals immediately after eating.
Postprandial hypotension is more common for the elderly, people with hypertension, and those with autonomic nervous system disorders.
Individuals with this condition should not take antihypertensive drugs before meals, and they should lie down after meals. They should make smaller low-carbohydrate meals several times a day.
Often, people who suffer from low blood pressure do not get enough fluids. For adults, it is recommended to take at least two liters of fluids a day. Of course, the water is in the first place, but you can also drink teas. It is also recommended to take caffeine drinks, but you should be careful not to take too much caffeine
It is recommended to stand slowly up if you are sitting or lying down and to have moderate daily physical activity. It is also advised to wear elastic socks and to have a diet that contains a little more salt (not too salty).