Poor circulation of blood in the veins of the colon and hereditary tendency are considered as a cause of the occurrence of hemorrhoids, but their existence does not mean at the same time and disease.
When it comes to inflammation of hemorrhoids nodules with bleeding and pain, only then we talk about the disease “hemorrhoids”.
What are hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoids are varicose veins in the colon, in the area of the lowest part of the rectum and the anus. Due to poor blood circulation, superficial veins at the end of the colon are filled with blood and expand, and on the varicose veins appear smaller or larger bluish-red nodules. Hemorrhoids are precisely those nodes that are widening on veins of the colon. The cause of their occurrence is considered to be poor blood circulation, but also a hereditary tendency to form nodules on veins of the colon.
Types of hemorrhoids
There are two types of hemorrhoids Internal and External. Hemorrhoids that are at the anal canal, just above the circular muscle of the anus, they are called internal hemorrhoids. When internal hemorrhoids drop below the circular muscle and become visible around the anus, they are called external hemorrhoids.
Hemorrhoids are soft and completely painless and do not cause health problems, but their existence does not necessarily mean that will later develop the disease.
Four stages of the disease
Symptoms may not be the same in all patients. Depending on the health problems and issues that arise as a result of inflammation of hemorrhoids, we distinguish four stages of the disease.
#1 Stage: hemorrhoid nodes are slightly enlarged, but not exposed to the anus. Patients usually complain of tingling and itching in the area of the anus, and also bleeding can be frequent appearance.
#2 Stage: hemorrhoid nodules are significantly increased, dark blue in color and very painful. When strain and performance of defecating, internal hemorrhoid can get out of the anal opening and become visible. Upon termination of pressure, they usually withdraw by themselves into the anal canal.
#3 Stage: hemorrhoid nodules are constantly visible. With slight hand pressure, they can return to its former position, but usually, they retreat by themselves during sleep. Therefore, it is recommended to perform defecating in the evening.
#4 Stage: Because of continuing deadlock in blood flow, hemorrhoids are permanently visible. In the final stage of disease often after performing defecating comes to muscle spasms of the rectum. Nodes are entrapment, which leads to precipitation and coagulation of blood, and the formation of the clot or thrombus. Hemorrhoids then are very swollen, sometimes up to plum-sized, and very often bleed, which should typically be accompanied by a very strong pain.
What cause inflammation of hemorrhoids?
Around 20% of people at least once in their life have discomforts caused by inflammation of hemorrhoids, and about 50% of the population to age of 50 is suffering from hemorrhoids disease. Inflammation of hemorrhoids usually occurs in middle age, and the disease is more common in men than in women.
Inflammation of hemorrhoids causes poor circulation of blood and blood stasis in the veins of the colon. This leads to precipitation and blood clotting. Nodes then swell, becoming dark blue and very painful, and skin above them becomes thinner and more delicate. Often by the pressure comes to the bursting of the weakened hemorrhoidal nodes and come up with bleeding.
Besides infections, frequent bleeding can cause anemia while massive bleeding can even be life-threatening and requires immediate medical treatment. Although the most common cause of bleeding is internal hemorrhoids, bleeding can be a sign of some other disease. Therefore, should immediately contact your doctor to determine the exact cause of the bleeding.
Besides hereditary, the deadlock of the blood in the veins of the colon usually occurs due to pressure of hard stools, acute and chronic constipation and frequent diarrhea. Also, the pressure in the veins of the colon also can cause some diseases and conditions, such as lifestyle and diet, liver disease, colon cancer, pregnancy, prolonged sitting and insufficiently movement, obesity, intense physical effort and the like.
Treatment of hemorrhoids
After the medical examination found that anal bleeding is caused by inflammation of hemorrhoids, appropriate treatment should be applied immediately. The way of treating depends on the stage of disease and health problems that cause inflammation. At the beginning of illness, the aim is to prevent disease progression and alleviate its accompanying problems. Treatment mainly consists of rest, relieving pain by analgesic and calming inflammation by applying medicinal creams, ointments or suppositories.
At the very beginning of the disease is usually sufficient only proper nutrition, regular stool, which should not be hard, and regular daily hygiene. Also, it is good in the morning; on an empty stomach to eat a dozen dried plums that have stood overnight in a glass of lukewarm water and drink the liquid.
When the disease is already so advanced, that causes hemorrhoids clamp and forms a clot, and the pain can no longer appease by analgesic, approach surgical treatment. After the cold compresses and cold sitting baths that calm inflammation of hemorrhoids, they are removed by surgery. If the surgical procedure for removing hemorrhoids is properly done, chances that they will come back is very small.
4 Ways to heal hemorrhoids naturally
1. Blueberries Tea
Ingredients: 1 tablespoon dried blueberries, 2.5 oz of cold water
Preparation: Mash dried blueberries and pour with cold water then boil slowly for 10 minutes and strain. Leave to cool and unsweetened take2-3 times a day.
2. Cream of calendula, horse chestnut, comfrey, toadflax and melilot
Ingredients: one tablespoon calendula, horse chestnut, comfrey, toadflax and melilot, 150g unsalted pork fat.
Preparation: Briefly boil minced dried herbs (if they are fresh than double the quantity) in molten pork fat, cover and let it sit overnight. The next day re-heated fat and strain and well press the herbs. Grease kept in a dark and cool place, and if desired mix in 1-2 tablespoons of honey.
3. Oil of calendula and St. John’s Wort
Ingredients: 30 g of dried petals of calendula, 30 g of dried flowers of St. John’s wort, 5 dl olive oil
Preparation: Dried petals of calendula flowers and St. John’s wort, (double the quantity if they are fresh) pour with olive oil and seal very well. After rest for 2-3 weeks in a warm and dark place, by occasionally shaking, strain the oil. Apply the resulting oil several times during the day to hemorrhoids, and for evening use as a compressor, and let it dry overnight.
4. Sitting bath
Ingredients: half sake of walnut leaves and witch hazel, elm and oak bark, and flowers of chamomile, and 10-15 l of hot water.
Preparation: Minced dried herbs pour 2 quarts of boiling water, covered left to rest for 15-20 minutes and strain. Add remaining water, and use as a sitting bath which should last at least 15 minutes.
Help From Herbal Treasury
Marigold (Calendula officinalis)
The petals of calendula calm down inflammation of veins and nodules disappear quickly.
Horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum)
The flowers, leaves and seeds of the horse chestnut calm down inflammation of hemorrhoids, reduces pain and increases the secretion of water from the swollen hemorrhoidal nodules.
Soaking of 30 g of fresh flowers, leaves or seeds of horse chestnut in 0.5 oz brandy or 70% absolute alcohol can prepare a tincture of horse chestnut, and then we can 1 tablespoon tincture mess with ointment for the treatment of hemorrhoids.
Walnut (Juglans regia)
The leaves of walnuts reduce inflammation, itching and burning sensation of hemorrhoidal nodules.
The smooth bark from young branches of elm soothes inflammation, relieves pain and stops bleeding.
Chamomile (Chamomilla recutita)
Chamomile flowers disinfect, calm down inflammation of hemorrhoids and rapidly alleviate pain.
St. John’s Wort (Hypericum perforatum)
A St. John’s wort flower improves blood circulation and helps with inflammation and enlargement of the veins.
Comfrey (Symphytum officinale)
Rhizome comfrey contains allantoin, which improves blood circulation and “cleansing” hemorrhoidal nodes.
Witch hazel (Hamamelis virginiana)
Witch hazel is growing on the Atlantic coast of North America, Black Sea coast in the Caucasus, and in eastern Asia. The leaves of witch hazel contain tannins and flavonoids, which from ancient times have the external application in the treatment of minor skin injuries, inflammation of the skin and mucous membranes, and inflammation, bleeding, and pain of hemorrhoids. Hamamelis dried leaves were commonly used as a bath.
The bark of the young branches of oak due to a significant amount of tannin is an excellent remedy for the treatment of inflammation of hemorrhoids.
Melilot (Melilotus officinalis)
Melilot strengthens the walls of blood vessels, especially the veins and helps with varicose veins and hemorrhoids. White melilot, which also blooms from June to September, contains less medicinal substances from yellow melilot.
Toadflax (Linaria vulgaris)
Toadflax, harvested during flowering, soothes inflammation of hemorrhoids and relieves pain.