The rosemary is a thick, branched, durable, evergreen, Mediterranean shrub. It is usually 1 to 2 meters high, with many lateral branches. It begins to bloom in February, and it can bloom throughout the whole year. The flowers are beautiful blue or purple-blue color with different shades to white. They are situated between the leaves that are opposite, narrow and slightly curled, dark green on the upper side and on the underside they are gray, due to the hairs and glands with essential oil.
Most commonly, the leaves are collected for remedies (Folium Rosmarini). For home use and for rosemary tea, it is best to take the laterals branches, in length from 15 to 20 cm, with or without flowers. Then, you should tie these branches into bundles and dry them in a drafty and cold place. When the bundles are dried, you should untie them and take off the dried leaves from them. You should keep the leaves in well closed containers. You can grind them into a fine powder, and also keep it in a closed container as the other spices. Prepared in this way, it has an intense, aromatic scent of camphor and cineole, the taste is sour, a bit bitter and aromatic. Due to these characteristics, it is recommended to use it, fresh or dried, as a spice. The essential rosemary oil with light yellow color is prepared by steam distillation of the leaves.
The main chemical components of the plant contain essential oil as the main ingredient. The oil has a pleasant smell and pungent taste. It consists of camphor, borneol, pinene, camphene, cineol and izobornilacetata. The plant contains tannin, saponin and other substances (Amara).
The properties of the plant act as a distinctive cholagogue and choleretic (according to Chabrol, the intravenous injection increases the secretion of bile by two times in experimental animals). Cholecystokinetic. In addition, antiseptic, emmenagogue, hypertensive, stomachic, antirheumatic, antineuralgic, a cure against arthritis and rheumatism, general stimulator.
Indications of liver failure, insufficiency and constipation, biliary insufficiency, liver cirrhosis (Lenneckova) with ascites and enlargement, jaundice (particularly hepatocellular and obstructive), cholecystitis and cholelithiasis. Dysmenorrhoea, leucorrhoea, asthma, chronic bronchitis, influenza, colitis and diarrhea. Hypotension. Atonic dyspepsia. Rheumatism and gout. Migraines. General asthenia. The rosemary tea is recommended to patients with liver diseases. The rosemary essential oil is one of the ingredients of the Hepatal drops, which are used by patients with liver diseases and people with weak immune system.
Method of preparation of rosemary tea: Pour 2 dl of boiling water over a teaspoon of rosemary. Cover it and strain it after 15 minutes. Drink it immediately before or after each meal with the above mentioned liver diseases. The rosemary tea has no particular flavor, but it is not bitter as the wormwood tea or yarrow tea, for example.
The rosemary tea is prepared in the same way for other diseases as well. The grinded mixture is used as a healing, fine spice to different meals for liver diseases, such as fish, or easier types of meat: lamb, veal. For a variety of salads, it is good to add ground rosemary as a spice, in an amount that fits on the tip of the knife, or dissolve it in alcohol for external and internal use.
Rosemary oil (Aetreroleum Rosmarini): 3 to 4 drops, 2 to 3 times a day, it is best if you put them on a teaspoon of honey. In order to get alcoholic tincture, you should grind 20 grams of leaves and flowers of rosemary, pour 100 grams of 70% alcohol over them in a dark bottle and let it sit for 10 days by frequently shaking it. Then you should strain it. You should put 5 to 10 drops on a sugar cube or a teaspoon of honey, in the morning on an empty stomach.
In the folk medicine there is the information that if you cook the rosemary in goat milk (tea of rosemary in milk) and used as a bandage, it serves as a cure for skin cancer.
Small amounts of rosemary used as a spice stimulate the secretion of bile, gastric juice, strengthen the nervous system, improve the appetite, act as an antispasmodic on the level of the digestive system and act as a bactericide.
Note: In larger quantities the rosemary can be toxic, so you must not exceed the prescribed doses.