Thiamine, also known as vitamin B1, is first detected vitamin of B group. Vitamin B1 plays an important role in the metabolism of carbohydrates, this is important because this process creates energy required for work of the brain and other parts of the body.
It is essential for the following functions in the body : carbohydrate metabolism, energy production, metabolism of certain amino acids and fats, production of certain neurotransmitters, metabolism and maintenance of cell membranes, maintaining the health of the nerves and the central nervous system, maintenance of heart health, maintain the health of the digestive system and more.
How much vitamin B1 we need?
Recommended daily intake for vitamin B1 for women is 1.0 – 1.1mg and for men 1.2 – 1.5mg. Increased needs for vitamin B1 have: alcoholics, in people who have liver disease, hyperthyroidism, various intestinal diseases, long-term stress, neuritis among pregnant women and alcoholics. Vitamin B1 should not be used to improve appetite, dermatitis, chronic diarrhea (diarrhea), fatigue, mental disorders, multiple sclerosis, ulcerative colitis, etc.
Where it can be found?
Large amounts of vitamin B1 can be found in meat, as in liver, heart, fish, whole grains, rice, beans, milk, fruits and vegetables, nuts, yeast, sunflower and more.
Vitamin B1 deficiency
Thiamine deficiency leads to a condition known as beri beri, which earlier been common among sailors and in today’s modern world is rare, except in alcoholics and some diseases. Berry Berry has the most in camps and shelters for refugees, and in Asia is a major cause of death among infants. The syndrome usually includes loss of appetite, abdominal pain, constipation, weakness, swelling of the extremities, muscle spasms, insomnia and loss of the memory.
It is essential for maintaining the functionality of myelin (oily layer that surrounds nerve that serves as protection and insulation of nerves). Also, a lack of vitamin B1 in the body can cause disturbances in the synthesis of some amino acids that serve as neurotransmitters, which transmit all messages that allow us to feel emotions or touch, hunger, thirst, etc.
Risk Factors for Vitamin B1 deficiency
The main risk factor for developing a thiamine deficiency is alcoholism. Overall alcoholics eat a little and have a low intake of thiamine and other vitamins. Alcohol also directly affects and destroys thiamine, and also increases its excretion.